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Taxon: Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem.

Genus: Ficus
Section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 70291
Place of publication: Suppl. hort. bot. hafn. 7. 1819 (W. Roxburgh, Hort. bengal. 65. 1814, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: place of publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 15-Jan-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • India rubber fig  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Indian rubbertree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • karet-tree  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • rubberplant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • arbre à caoutchouc  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • figuier élastique  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Gummibaum  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • atta bor  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • figueira-indiana  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • seringueira-de-jardim  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cauchú comun  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • higuiera cauchera  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • yin du rong  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Hortus 3; Pl Res SEAs 18:69. 2000)
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: latex/rubber; latex/rubber; latex/rubber

Distributional Range:


    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.e.), Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Malaysia (Malaya)

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


  1. Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 18:69. Note: lists as Ficus elastica Roxb.
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  3. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  4. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  6. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  8. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  9. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  10. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  11. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: lists as Ficus elastica Roxb.

Check other web resources for Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: http://www.narc.gov.jo/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70291. Accessed 21 September 2021.