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Taxon: Solanum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Solanum
Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100795
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Solanum no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Solanum americanum auct. (= S. ptychanthum Dunal)
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • American nightshade  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • black nightshade  (Source: Ann Mo BG) - English
  • glossy nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • small-flower nightshade  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hierba mora negra  (Source: F Tex) - Spanish
  • amerikansk nattskatta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Prom Underused Crops 15:25. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Ann Mo BG 4:836. 1974)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia (s.), Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, [Saint Kitts] St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay


    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  5. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:834.
  6. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  7. Edmonds, J. M. & J. A. Chweya. 1997. Black nightshades. Solanum nigrum L. and related species. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 15:22.
  8. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  9. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  10. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  11. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.

Check other web resources for Solanum americanum Mill. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: http://www.narc.gov.jo/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100795. Accessed 25 February 2020.